Preventing Diabetes: New in 2009

Posted on March 4, 2009. Filed under: diabetes, diet, nutrition |

Diabetes is the AIDs epidemic of  the 21st century and the US is not spared. 24 million Americans have diabetes and 70 million have prediabetes. Half of all Americans are destined to get diabetes unless they make important lifestyle changes. Most American adults who do not currently have diabetes can avoid it altogether or delay the onset for  10-20 years.

Previously I have blogged about diet (low fat, high fiber), getting back to a lean weight (like in high school) and exercise (walking at least 30 minutes per day). Next Monday I am lecturing to Medical Students about Nutraceuticals and am updating my recommendations for persons at risk for diabetes and giving more details. This posting will focus on Nutraceuticals. Nutraceuticals are capsules or tablets you take, in addition to your healthy diet, to lower your risk of going on to develop diabetes.

These are the supplements I recommend for people who have a very strong family history of diabetes (more than one parent or sibling with diabetes), have a history of gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy), or have been told that their blood glucose was ‘a little high.’ Magnesium,  300 millligrams (mg)/day; chromium 400 micrograms (ug)/day; vanadium 100 micrograms/day; and zinc 15 milligrams/day. These values are for the elemental magnesium, for example, and do not include the carbonate or oxide component.

These vitamins are recommended: folic acid, 400 micrograms/day; vitamin C, 1000 milligrams/day, and vitamin D, 100o units/d.

My supplement for diabetes prevention contains cinnamon, 1000 mg/day and I add cinnamon to my oatmeal and soy-black beanchili. Daily I also have one small square of dark chocolate with 5 grams of cocoa.

In my 2008 diabetes book (see earlier blog) we identified 11 herbals that have diabetes protective effects. Most of the herbals have dozens of different chemicals and only a few of the chemicals have diabetes protective effects. Thus, I cannot recommend specific products. My supplement (see below) has Gymnema sylvestre 400 mg/day and Banaba extract, 3 mg/d. American ginseng or Korean ginseng also are protective but I cannot recommend a specific supplier. Other herbals that appear useful are bitter melon (Momordica charantia), fenugreek, American or Korean Ginseng, and nopal or prickly pear (opuntia streptacantha). If you have a reliable source and the herbals are not too .expensive, you may want to add -these. The supplement I recommend is “Blood Sugar Support” from Advanced BioSolutions ( or 1-800-304-1708). I have not connection to this supplier and no financial interest.

Good luck. Paradoxically or providentially I have had prediabetes for 6 years and have maintained a plasma glucose values of 98-105 mg/dl over this period using diet, exercise, weight management and the supplements outlined above. You can do the same!

Please post your comments and questions. I have trouble keeping up with my e-mail but will try to be more active on this blog site.

Best wishes.

Jim (nutdoc)


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6 Responses to “Preventing Diabetes: New in 2009”

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Excellent information.


I was wondering if there is anybody who could help me or direct me to a reliable source where I can find out more about various fibers. I am trying to understand the differences between dextrins from sources such as corn, wheat, potato and resistant starch and maltodextrins. Many of the supplements and powders that are sold on the market use a wide variety of fiber sources and I want to know why and if one is better that another.

Thank you kindly for any help!


Hi Elena,
Sorry to be slow. I don’t take the time to update my blog as often as I should but am committed to doing better.
All fibers are not created equal. Today I am posting a blog that will give an overview of this issue. Most of the resistant starches you mention have limited health benefits.
The most potent fiber supplement is psyllium. It provides laxation, cholesterol lowering, blood glucose lowering, blood pressure reduction, and weight managagement benefits. It is not a prebiotic and does not enhance immune function.
For comparison, the resistant starch wheat dextrin, another fiber supplement, is not approved for laxtion, does not lower cholesterol, and is not a prebiotic and does not enhance immune function.

Very Interesting post! Thank you for such interesting resource!
PS: Sorry for my bad english, I’v just started to learn this language 😉
See you!
Your, Raiul Baztepo

Cool site, love the info.

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